Pulau Tiga was formed on September 21, 1897, when an earthquake in Mindanao caused a volcanic eruption off the coast of Borneo. I It is situated within the Pulau Tiga Park and is located in Kimanis Bay, about 35 nautical miles southwest of Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. Pulau Tiga Park consists of three islands, Pulau Tiga, the largest of the threee islands, which has been dubbed as “Survivor Island”, due to its hosting of the popular TV show; Pulau Kalampunian Damit, an island covered with dense vegetation and home to hundreds of amphibious sea snakes which lay eggs on the shore of the island; and Pulau Kalampunian Besar which is a small sand cay built up from coral fragments.
The last eruption of the mud volcanoes occured in 1941, but, though largely dormant the warm mud continues to ooze from the geothermal vents on the island. Mud bathing is a must-do activity on the island. Protected by the Malaysian government, the island thrives with life such as the proboscis and macaque monkeys, bats, flying foxes, monitor lizards; hundreds of insects and numerous birds (including the very rare megapode, a stocky medium sized and chicken like bird)) make Pulau Tiga a truly untamed tropical paradise.
Its surrounding reefs with healthy coral and good visibility are perfect for swimming, diving and snorkelling, being home to a rich variety of marine life such as, turtles, bamboo sharks, nudibranchs, banded sea snakes, stingrays, cuttlefish and more than 132 species of fish.